Very few court cases were ever brought about against the "end user". When I worked for NTL the firms action was to inform the customer that their broadband was being "throttled".When downloading such files/movies etc. there used to be a hidden file in with the film/music file/program download that 'snagged' the i.p. address of the downloader. Sony was the worst for it for music, with Paramount and Disney being the 2 worst ones for films. One they had your i.p. address, they knew which company provided you with broadband. They used to send your broadband provider a letter stating they either gave the company your details or the broadband provider would be taken to court for allowing you to download pirated movies/music. That's how individuals were getting fined.
I don't know if this still happens.
Very few court cases were ever brought about against the "end user". When I worked for NTL the firms action was to inform the customer that their broadband was being "throttled".
The major distribution companies went after those who supplied the pirate services, they still do today. So many films are now available on legal streaming services how can a company differentiate between legal and illegal service to an "end user".
To be honest I thought the days of downloading films and music etc was behind us with how cheap and readily available streaming services are.
I pay for Spotify, Netflix and Amazon prime which only comes in around £20 a month.
I do have Sky as well but that’s mainly for the sport.
There is no way I can afford to buy it so I am not really denying the publisher a sale.