Anglian Water fined £300,000 after pollution killed 5,000 fish

Sep 26, 2020
Pollution from a water pumping station caused the death of over 5,000 fish in an Essex river.
From: Environment Agency Published 1 June 2022


Pollution flowing into the River Wid

On 6 June 2016, Environment Agency officers were called to Shenfield and Hutton Water Recycling Centre, a sewage treatment works operated by Anglian Water, following an incident. It was found that all 3 pumps in one of the pump stations at the site had failed following a fire. As a result, untreated sewage was flowing out of an emergency overflow.

Officers followed the sewage into the River Wid, where they carried out tests and found high levels of ammonia among the cloudy, polluted water.
In the following days investigators returned and found dead fish and invertebrates at many different sites along the river.
It was later found that the bearing on one of the pumps had failed but continued to operate. The precise cause of the fire is unknown. However, it was accepted that heat built up to cause the fire which spread to other electrical components stopping all 3 pumps from working. This left no way for the sewage to be pumped.
Further investigations found that the pumps being used by Anglian Water were almost 40 years old. The bearings on another pump had failed in 2013 and as a result Anglian Water sought funding to replace these on the other 2 pumps. However, only 2 of the 3 pumps were refurbished with those on the pump that failed in June 2016 having not been overhauled.

Repairs were carried out to the equipment following the incident.
The court found that whilst Anglian Water was on notice about the need for refurbishment, the fire was an unusual event. The chances of them being able to foresee a fire causing all 3 pumps to fail were low.
Around 10 kilometres of the River Wid experienced high levels of ammonia for 3 days. In total, at least 5,431 fish were found to have died during this time with invertebrates affected in almost 5 kilometres of the river.
Anglian Water appeared at Chelmsford Magistrates Court on 26 May 2022. It pleaded guilty at an earlier hearing in September 2021 to causing an unpermitted pollution discharge. This is contrary to regulations 12(1)(b) and 38(1)(a) of the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010.

Environment manager at the Environment Agency, Andrew Raine, said:

The fine handed to Anglian Water shows polluters are made to pay for damaging the environment.

The fish population in this area suffered significantly because of this sewage pollution and it took time for the local ecosystem to recover.

The public demand tough action when it comes to water quality and we are delivering. Anyone caught breaching environmental laws faces enforcement action, up to and including prosecution. We will always ensure the courts have all the information they need to impose appropriate sentences.

Members of the public with any concerns about pollution should contact us on 0800 807060.

Notes to editors​

  • The Environment Agency has taken tough action against those companies which are breaking the rules.
  • In 2021, the courts fined water companies £102,490,000 for pollution incidents following our prosecutions.
  • Water companies were handed record fines last year, making clear that polluters will be made to pay for damage to the environment.
  • The Environment Agency does not decide the fines handed out to companies and individuals who pollute our rivers. This is down to the courts.


Regular member
Site Supporter
Mar 26, 2009
I could go on one of my anti EA rants here but well done to them for this. It’s a tiny river, as Arry will know, and any pollution that kills fish is always going to be a major incident. All we need is for the river to have those fish replaced, if they haven’t been already. And,,,, for the EA to prosecute every time a river is polluted, fish kill or not.


Regular member
Dec 31, 2021
It seems that more of these incidents are at least seeing fines handed out lately which is good news. It would be nice to see the fines get large enough to actually act as a deterrent to the water companies, but that seems to be down to judges and legislators. Hopefully that will come, it seems the public outcry of the last few months is having a small effect at least.